Child Labour in India Essay Child Labour Essay for Students, Kids

Child Labour in India Essay Child Labour Essay for Students, Kids

Child Labour in India Essay Child Labour Essay for Students, Kids: Child Labour in India is an important topic can be asked in any competitive exams. Here we have published long & short essay on Child Labour in India, Child Labour in India Essay Child Labour Essay for students. Child, Speech, Short and long Essay on Child Labour, How to Stop Child Labour Essay, Write an Essay on Child Labour Child Labour in India Essay Child Labour Essay for Students, Kids

Child Labour In India Essay

                   CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA

Introduction :Child Labour (Child Labour in India Essay)

Whenever we travel with road or railways, and search for tra or snacks, we used to find a small child working along with an adult on the stall. Most of the time, we call him as “chotu” and he serves is with our required tea and snacks. This is Child Labour and that chotu is a child labour.

When we find a small at grocery store, doing small chores, and he gave us our list of products as says, “here it is brother, your requirements”, that too is a Child Labour. A small girl selling flower or balloon on roadside is also a child labour. A small boy doing household chores like washing utensils or making tea and serving snacks, is also a child labour. A child working in agricultural farm with or without parents, to earn more pennies, is a child labour too.

We can look around and get to know that we are surrounded with different form of child labour.

In common parlance, every child who is denied with his basic right of education and works with or without remuneration, is a child labour. This however, is defined in different forms, by different organization and laws of different countries.

As per International Labour Organization, “Child Labour refers to work that deprives children (any person under 18) of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to their physical and/or mental development.”

The United Nations Children’s Fund or UNICEF defines “child labour as work that exceeds a minimum number of hours, depending on the age of a child and on the type of work. Such work is considered harmful to the child and should there be eliminated”

Indian census 2011, defines child labour as “participation of a child less than 17 years of age in any economically productive activity with or without compensation, wages or profit. Such participation could be physical or mental or both. This work includes part-time help or unpaid work on the farm, family enterprise or in any other economic activity such as cultivation and milk production for sale or domestic consumption.”

The child labour might be an extravagant word in world today, but it’s history dates back to 19th century. The children aged between 5 – 14 years used to work in agricultural field, mining, factories and home based operations.

They worked for more hours and received less or no remuneration. In India, the child labour ratio is higher in rural settings, where there are less number of schools and colleges and more population is living with struggling in their finances.

The families are big and require more finance for survival and sustainability. The people there were either daily wage earners or small hawkers. They need more hands to work and fulfil the needs of their family, which engages children of the house in the work.

Child Labour Causes|Child Labour Essay for Students, Kids

The children are losing their innocence and childhood after being engaged in child labour. There are several causes which acts as reason of child labour. Unemployment, large families, poverty and lack of parental education are some of the social causes.

In India, overall unemployment rate is 7.20% in January 2020. Due to unemployment, and large families to be fed, the children are forced to work, in order to bring additional finance in the house and have meals to eat. In rural areas, there is lack of education and parents are generally engaged in agricultural fields or household work.

They get less remuneration and to feed whole family, they engage their children in same work at younger age. They don’t have money for admission of their children in schools which led the family into vicious circle of same work from generation to generation.

The hunger and poverty force them into this non ending circle of no education, hunger and working at younger age.

The children get employed easily in industrial sector, mining, agricultural field, Hawking, glass industries, silk weaving, meat packing, factories and house for daily chores.

The children got ready to be employed with less remuneration and are ready to work for longer hours too because of lack of information and education. They are hassle free as generally don’t complain for daily work, wages, environment or anything else. They don’t know their basic rights and hence, they can be exploited easily.

Their innocence helps to get them involved in any work easily and they help an important role in the profit of the industries. Poverty, unemployment, lack of education and family background leads children to work at younger age in unfamiliar environment and with less remuneration too.


The children lose their childhood and innocence, if works at tender age. It adversely affects their psychological, emotional, intellectual and physical health. Their overall growth either stops or pace of growing up decreased.

As a child labour, children have to do monotonous work with no creativity and mind probing involved. They either don’t do any physical activities or take part in inappropriate physical activities. They got employment in hazardous industries which ultimately risk their life and hazardous substance and environment is not apt for a child’s physical health.

The boredom work, inappropriate environment and physical activities slows down the physical growth of a child as it should normally pace; and they become more vulnerable to diseases.They may get involved in badhabits like smoking and drugs intake, because of the work mates and environment.

The children, when once involve themselves into work; don’t get additional time and energy for education. They neither have energy left for education, nor do they have enough finance to do so. The child labourers work under labour intensive units, which require more of man power, than skills.

No technical knowledge or intellectual capability is required to do such work. It restricts the mental growth of children and makes their mind think and work in a subtle and flat mode. The thought process becomes one dimensional.

Lack of education means lack of knowledge, lack of widespread language intake, lack of technical know-how, lack to represent themselves and above all, lack to stand for themselves in case, they are being deprived of their right and exploited.

The learned people contribute more towards growth and development of society. The uneducated children will lead to unintellectual society and less economic growth. In situation like this, a child can’t grow themselves, resulting into an under-developed society and economy.


India is considered as one of those nations, which ranked amongst top list in terms of a active child labour. As per the survey of Save the Children, most of the batch of child labour is engaged in hazardous industries and it is 62.8% of total workforce of child labour in India.

 The boys are more prone to the hazardous industries as compared to girls. Likewise, earlier the percentage of child labour in rural areas was more than that of urban areas. Most of the children in rural areas were engaged in work with or without parents, as poverty and lack of education were prominent in rural areas. Rural area actually contributes 80% of the total workforce of child labourers.

 However, nowadays urban areas show a significant rise in working child ratio. In urban areas, there are more scope and way to find an employment and hence, children are migrating to urban areas in search of work and money.

As per report published by UNICEF, urban child workforce got a tremendous increase of 54% for the children aged between 5-14 years. The states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh band Delhi holds the maximum number of child labour in its land and Delhi alone had around 1 million of child labour working in the city.

The child labour in Muslim community is higher than of Hindus Indians. The Muslim child labour is around 40% higher than that of Hindus child labour. The other minority groups have comparatively lesser number of child labours. However, tribal group contribute around 2.8% of total workforce. India has poverty, illiteracy and unemployment running through the economy, which leads to social and economic diseases like child labour.

Government Initiatives and Laws: How to Stop Child Labour Essay

Indian government is working towards eradication of child labour since long and it enacts several laws and legislation which keeps on amending from time to time as the situation calls for.

Gurupadswamy Committee was formed in 1979, to get the count and reasons of child labour and measure to tackle it effectively and efficiently. On the recommendation of this committee, in 1986, the Child Labour Prohibition & Regular Act was enacted.

To look after the rehabilitation of children working in hazardous industries, in 1987, National Policy on Child Labour was formed. Since 1988, several related programmes were formed and implemented by Ministry of Labour and Employment.

The Child Labour Prohibition & Regular Act, 1986, prohibits the employment of children in hazardous industries and dangerous condition.

The National Policy on Child Labour keeps an eye on rehabilitating children who were working in hazardous industries and process the issue and remedy as required.

Ministry of Labour and Employmentas to provide enactment of various legislation, rules and regulations concerns ng child labour, and supervise them.

Further, several NGOs, like BachpanBachaoAndolan, Child Rights and You, Care India, Global March against Child Labour, Talaash Association and Child Fund ate working for fir this cause too. They are working to educate children and diminish the propagation of child labour in India. The laws involve litigation process and fine and imprisonment too in case if violation of rules.


India is stuck with the child labour issue erupted as a by-product of poverty, unemployment and illiteracy. Several organisations are working to help children and their parents to get their life on track by eradicating child labour.

As a citizen of India, we all should work towards the same and help government in brightening the future of nation.

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