Essay on Bhagat Singh 1000 Words| Bhagat Singh Essay English 10 Lines
Essay on Bhagat Singh 1000 Words| Bhagat Singh Essay English 10 Lines: Bhagat Singh, commonly known as Shahid Bhagat Singh, was one of the great socialist revolutionary of Indian History. He actively took part in the freedom struggle and is another name for patriotism. He gave his life at the mere age of 24 years.
Bhagat Singh was born in September 1907 in the Punjab District, which is currently under the capacity f Pakistan. His was son of Kishan Singh and Vidyavati and had the family background of patriotism.
His family was that of Sikhs and his father along with two uncles were released from jail at the time of his birth. They were members of Gadar Party and were fighting for Swaraj or Independence. Ajit Singh, his Grandfather, followed Arya Samaj, socialist movement of Swami Dayanand Saraswati and enrolled Bhagat to the Arya Samaj Institution, Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, for his studies.
The philosophy of Arya Samaj, including no prayers for Murti puja and one almighty principle, influenced him a lot. It made a base for his future theory of Atheism. Since the early years, he was active in the societal concepts and revolutions.
He visited the park of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre at the age of 12, and welcomed protestors in his village at the age of 14 years. He was against the non violence theory of Mahatma Gandhi and opposed him in 1922, when he called off the Non Cooperation Movement on the basis of violent activities.
He advocated the throw off of British government in India by any means and joined the Young Revolutionary Movement. In 1923, he joined National College at Lahore and participated in activities like essay competition, debate, dramatics etc, through which he can spread his thoughts and revolutionary activities.
In 1926, he founded an Indian Socialist Youth Organization known as Naujawan Bharat Sabha and became a member of Hindustan Republican Association. He ran away from home to avoid an arrange marriage as he wanted to stay away from the worldly affairs so as to dedicate his life to the nation.
He was sent to jail by British as they were worried about his influence on the society. He wrote for local newspapers and journals too in order to spread the patriotism and awareness among the mass.
In 1928, against the Simon Commission brought by British Government, several protests were held and in one of those protests in Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai was injured because of Lathi charge ordered by James A. Scott, the superintendent of Police.
He died within 18 days of his injuries and the British government denied their role in his death, even after confirmation from doctors that death was fastened because of his injuries.
The Hindustan Socialist Republic Association vowed to avenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. Among the prominent members of association were Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Ajad, Sukhdev and others. They conspired to kill James Scott in order to take avenge for the death of their leader.
However, on 17th December 1928, the plotters mistakenly killed an assistant superintendent, John P. Saunders. The murder of British official was condemned by Mahatma Gandhi as he was against violence, but later on J.L Nehru compared this act of violence as a honor to the Lala Lajpat Rai.
The plotters along with Bhagat Singh escaped after the murder, but latter returned to Lahore after few days. He then engaged himself in propagating his ideas among masses through drama for some time. He then planned to explode a bomb in Central legislative Assembly influenced by a French revolutionary.
Their purpose was not to kill anybody, but to publicize their cause, and hence, bomb was designed not to kill anyone. On 8th April 1929, he along with Batukeshwar Dutt, exploded two bombs in the assembly and shouted the slogan of “Inquilab Jindabad”. Nobody was killed as desired, but some were injured.
The two protestors willingly get themselves arrested. They were jailed and later on found to be the culprits of Saunder’s murder case. Though Gandhi ji condemned their act of violence, he talked to then Viceroy, Irwin, to arrange for their release and cancel the trial, but in vain.
Bhagat Singh fought for indiscrimination and poor act to the prisoners, and did hunger strike in the prison itself. The trial was set up against Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev and they were ordered to be hanged as were proven guilty of the murder.
The order was to hang them till death on 24th March 1931, but they were hanged on 23rd March 1931, and were cremated secretly in the darkness by the officials. Whole nation was angry against the execution and Gandhi ji has to face black flags with angry masses too.
Ideals, Thoughts and Opinion
Shahid Bhagat Singh considered himself a communist and is attracted towards Anarchism. Though he belonged t the Hindu family, he followed Anarchism theory as he thought that people are divided on the basis of religion and their god, which is harmful for the unity of nation. He was an avid reader and read the philosophies and theory of several foreign leaders including Karl Marx, Leon Trotsky and Lenin. He believed that you can kill the people, but not the ideas.
Popularity and Memorial
Gandhi ji condemned the act of violence of Bhagat Singh, but he never questioned his patriotism. Shahid Bhagat Singh was acknowledged by leaders like Subhash Chandrs Bose and J. L Nehru and youth and mass can relate to him. He was a fighter who can face his powerful enemy in an open field.
Several movies, songs, drama and books are created on the life of Bhagat Singh. Government has issued stamps with his picture, museum is constructed and memorial was built. A statue was also built in the Parliament of India.
He was a significant figure in the Indian history and his glory is still intact in the heart of every Indian.