Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Class 3, Class 4| Long, Short Essay
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10 Lines on Mahatma Gandhi
On 2 October 1869 Mahatma Gandhi was born in Porbandar (Gujarat).
His mother’s name was Putlibai, father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi, and wife’s name was Kasturba Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhiji had 4 sons named Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas.
At the age of 13, Mahatma Gandhi was married to Kasturba ji.
Mahatma Gandhi was also nominated for the fifth Nobel Peace Prize.
Ravindra Nath Tagore, who was impressed by the efficient leadership of Gandhiji, was conferred the title of Mahatma.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Gandhi’s political guru.
The title of Father of the Nation was conferred on Gandhiji by Subhash Chandra Bose.
The title of Bapu was conferred on Gandhiji by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
On 30 January 1948, Nathuram Godse shot and killed Gandhiji while going for evening prayers in Birla House (Delhi).
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 250 Words Essay
Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation was a great freedom fighter. On 2 October 1869 Mahatma Gandhi was born in Porbandar (Gujarat). Karamchand Gandhi was father and mother’s name was Putlibai. Kasturba was the name of Gandhiji’s wife. Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday (2 October) is also celebrated as International Non-Violence Day all over the world. Gandhiji is also known as Mahatma and Bapu. The word Mahatma is from the Sanskrit language and the word Bapu is from the Gujarati language. Gandhiji was given the title of Mahatma by Ravindra Nath Tagore and father of the nation Subhash Chandra Bose said.
Gandhiji undertook many kinds of activities and movements to get India independence. The main ones were Quit India Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Dandi March (Salt Satyagraha), Non-Cooperation Movement, Khilafat Movement, Champaran Satyagraha, Kheda Satyagraha, Ahmedabad Mill Strike etc.
The political guru of Gandhiji was named Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Meera Ben was one of the main disciples of Gandhiji. Gandhiji went to England to study law in 1888 AD. In 1891 Gandhi received the degree of barrister. In 1894 AD Gandhiji founded the Natal Congress. On 9 January 1915, Mahatma Gandhi received the title of Saffron-e-Hind. The Sabarmati Ashram was established by Gandhiji in 1915 AD.
On 30 January 1948, he was shot and killed by Nathuram Godse. Martyrdom Day is celebrated in the holy memory of Gandhi ji on 30th January. Gandhiji’s Samadhi: Located on the banks of river Yamuna in a place called Rajghat in New Delhi.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 1000 Words Essay
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known by many surnames as Father of the Nation, Bapu and Mahatma Gandhi, was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar. Karamchand Gandhi was his father’s name and mother’s name was Putlibai. Gandhi received his primary education from primary school and passed his matriculation examination from Rajkot High School. Passed 1887 matriculation, entered Ramdas College in Bhavnagar, and then left the college after one session. In 1888, Gandhiji left for England to study his advocacy. Gandhiji returned home after completing his advocacy studies in 1891 and during this time his mother Putlibai also died.
In 1893, Gandhiji came to Pretoria, the capital of the Transvaal of South Africa, to fight Gandhiji on the demand of a trade union by Indian Muslims, where he also faced different kinds of apartheid. During this, Gandhiji also founded the Natal Indian Congress on 1894. In 1896, Gandhi returned to India for 6 months and returned to Natal with his wife and two children. Mahatma Gandhi returned to his family home in 1901. Mahatma Gandhi on 1903 opened a lawyer office in Johannesburg and established the Indian Opinion.
Initial Satyagraha in Gandhiji Home Country:
Satyagraha: The inspiration of Satyagraha was taken by Gandhiji from the ideas of David Thoreau’s article ‘Civil Disobedience’, Leo Tolstoy’s ‘Kingdom of God is with you’. The Satyagraha movement was based on truth and non-violence. The true meaning of Satyagraha was the capture of truth. Gandhiji was concerned about how Satyagraha should be separated from passive resistance because Satyagraha was based on a different technique which had fast, hijrat, detainee and strike chief.
Champaran Satyagraha 1917: Farmers were compelled to do a contract 3/20 (3 kattas out of 20 katha) outside cultivation to study it is called the tinkathiya method. The farmers wanted to get rid of it, for this Rajkumar Shukla invited Gandhiji. Then Gandhiji started the first Satyagraha in India from Champaran Bihar. A commission was formed to investigate the government. This method was abolished and 25% of the recovery was returned to the farmers.
Kheda Satyagraha 1918: In 1918 AD, there was a severe famine in Kheda district of Gujarat. Despite this, the government did not stop the process of goods, but increased the recovery by 23%. Whereas according to the revenue system, if the production of the crop is less than 1/4 of the total production, then the debt of the farmers should be forgiven. On this, Gandhiji announced that if the government forgives the debts of poor farmers, then all the farmers themselves will pay taxes.
Ahmedabad mill strike 1918: This movement was against Indian textile mill owners. Here, Gandhiji asked to go on hunger strike and he himself went on hunger strike. This was his first hunger strike. Its proposals were agreed to the mill owner agreement. The matter was referred to a tribunal in which it decided to give 35% bonus in favor of the workers.
Khilafat Movement (1919–1922): The main objective of the Khilafat Movement was to pressurize the British to re-establish the position of Khalifa in the news. After the end of the First World War, the government decided to form the Turkish Empire as the main cause of the Khilafat Movement. Due to which the Khilafat Movement started in India and on 17 October 1919, Khilafat Day was celebrated on all India level and the movement started. Turkey was partitioned after the Treaty of Sewers concluded on 10 August 1920 AD. Maulana Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali formed the Khilafat Committee and started the Khilafat Movement against the British, this movement was supported by the Congress because it was a golden opportunity for Mahatma Gandhi to believe that Hindus and Muslims were united against the British. Under the leadership of Jal Mustafa Kamal Pasha, the power of the Khalifa of Turkey was abolished, then in 1922 the movement itself ended.
Non-cooperation movement (1920–1922): Gandhiji decided to launch non-cooperation movement against the British. The main objective of the Non-Cooperation Movement was to boycott the political, economic and social institution of British India and to shut down the machinery of governance altogether. This decision was approved at the Nagpur session of the Congress in December 1920, along with the Calcutta session of the National Congress in 1920. In January 1921, the Congress started the Non-Cooperation Movement with honesty under the leadership of Gandhiji. Gandhiji had said that the movement should be completely non-violent but it was postponed in February 1922 due to the Chauri Chaura incident.
Chauri-Chaura Scandal (4 February 1922): Chauri-Chaura is a town near Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh, on 4 February 1922, Indian agitators set fire to a police post of the British Government, leaving 22 policemen hidden in it alive. Got burnt This incident is known as Chauri Chaura scandal.
Dandi March (Salt Satyagraha): Gandhiji took a 24-day march from Sabarmati Ashram on 12 March 1930 with 78 followers, he reached Dandi on 5 April and broke the salt law on 6 April. Subhash Chandra Bose compared it to Napoleon’s 23 March.
Civil Disobedience Movement (6 April 1930): The Civil Disobedience Movement was organized against British imperialism under the leadership of Indian National Congress and mainly Gandhiji due to the 11-point final demand letter from Beti Sarkar by an article in Young India (newspaper) The demand for complete independence was not included, it was submitted. Gandhiji waited for the government’s response for 41 days. If the government did not agree to the demand, the Civil Disobedience Movement was started by Gandhiji.
Quit India Movement: The India movement started on 9 August 1942. This movement was a major decision by Mahatma Gandhi against the British rule to give India early independence. During the Quit India movement, Gandhiji gave the slogan of do or die.
On 30 January 1948, he was shot and killed by Nathuram Godse. The Muslim who succeeded Gandhiji on his death was Abul Kalam Azha, who was the first Education Minister of India. Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 30th January, on Gandhiji’s death anniversary. Gandhiji’s tomb: Located on the banks of river Yamuna in a place called Rajghat in New Delhi.