Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English 1000 Words
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English 1000 Words, Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students.
“In a gentle way, you can shake the world”
This was stated by our Father of Nation, Mr. Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi or Gandhiji. With his gentle, yet vigorous way, he enables Indian to be a citizen of Independent India.
Born on 2nd October 1869 in the Porbandarstate, a hindu family boy went to the university college of London to study law. After practicing law in South Africa, came back to India and helps India to attain its freedom. Talking about personal life, he was son of Mr Karamchand Gandhi and Mrs Putlibai Gandhi. He got married with Kasturba Gandhi in the year of 1883 and was blessed with four children, Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas. Gandhiji has three siblings named as Lakshmi Das, Raliatbehn and Karsandas.
Mohandas has received high school education in Ahmedabad and joined University of London to study law and Jurisprudence. He returned to India to practice law in 1891 but moved to South Africa for practicing law in 1893. He learnt about politics while his stay in South Africa because of the discrimination he faced there. He focused on racial discrimination in South Africa and was claimed as a national hero in South Africa when black South Africans attains the right to vote.(Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English 1000 Words)
Mahatma Gandhi Essay, Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students.
Role in Indian Independence:
With an international reputation of an Indian nationalist and theorist, Gandhiji returned to India in the year of 1915. Gopal Krishna Gokhale was the key person who made him return and join Indian National Congress and introduced him with Indian issues, people and politics.
Local presence of Champaran are forced to grow Indigo and sell at fixed price despite of low demands.Gandhiji with his policy of non violence or ahimsa, persuaded British government to provide concession in this regard.
Again with the policy of non violence and cooperation, Gandhiji succeeded in convincing government to provide relief in revenue tax because of flood and famine. The movement succeeded because of social support to Gandhiji.
Civil Disobedience and Non Co-operation Movement
it was Gandhiji who realised that British government was established in India because of cooperation of Indians. Without the cooperation of Indians, the government can collapse and Swaraj can be formed. British government has promised for Swaraj, but after World war I, they backed out from their words. As a result, the disappointed Gandhiji announced Civil disobedience or Satyagraha movement.
Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
He forced on Hindu Muslim cooperation too as the Swaraj can be attained only after unity of Indian irrespective of caste and religion.In opposition of civil disobedience movement, government announces Rowlett Act, in which government treat participants of Satyagraha movement as criminals and allow arrest of any one for the indefinite detention without any trial or judicial review. In opposition of Rowlett act, several assemblies of people were organised under the guidance of Gandhi ji’s civil disobedience movement.
The movement was based on principle of non cooperation and non violence. Gandhi ji asked crowd not to injure or hurt government people but to Boycott and burn British goods to show frustration. He expressed that hatred can be won over by love and demanded from people to stop all violence and destruction and went to fast-to-death method for pressurizing the government.
The behaviour of British government made Gandhiji realise that Indians can’t get fair rights under British government and started on the movement of Swaraj for self government and reorganize Congress for the same. Boycott of British goods link towards the emergence of khadi.
He extends his support on khadi spinning and urges to every citizen to devote time in the spinning as a support showing method for the independence. He asked for boycott of British law courts, institutions and even employment. As a result of non cooperation movement, Gandhiji was arrested in 1922 and sentenced to imprisonment for six years which later on decreased to 2 years because of its health issues.
The Indians were not allowed to make salt and as a part of non cooperation,Gandhiji along with his disciples worked for 388 km from Ahmedabad to Dandi, Gujarat to make salt himself. Thousands of Indians were participated and has faced lathi charge and government opposition. Around 60000 people were arrested, many seriously injured and two were killed too. Women participated in movement which helps in confidence boosting and their place in mainstream public life.
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With the growing eruption and Non Co-operation and Civil Disobedience movement, British government negotiated with Gandhiji to suspend the movement and as per the Gandhi-Irwin Pact, government agreed to free all the political prisoners. Gandhiji was invited as a sole representative of India in Round Table Conference in London, which later on was a disappointment as the topic of Indian Independence was not at all discussed. Later on, Lord Williagdon and Winston Churchill criticized Gandhiji for his attire and ways of dealing , in order to isolate and decrease his support, but criticism makes him more popular only.
2nd Round Table Conference and Quit India Movement
Gandhijiattained invitation for 2nd Round Table Conference, but British invited other religious leaders too, including muslim leader, silk leader and leader of untouchable. Gandhiji fears about this divide and rule policy of British government, as it can divert attention of mass Independence. Meanwhile, he stayed with working class people declining arrangement of his stay in expensive hotel by British government. After returning, he started a new Satyagraha movement and arrested.
While in prison, he follows fast-to-death in against of communal Award, a law where untouchables were denied with electoral rights. Gandhiji opposed the participation of Indians in 2nd World War on the belief that if we are denied with our right of freedom, we cannot participate in war fought for democratic freedom.
However, 2.5 million Indian Volunteered and joined military force. Meanwhile, Gandhiji intensified the call of Independence and asked British to leave India and called it Quit India Movement. After his speech on this movement, he along with other congress leader were arrested immediately. The countrymen started violence and damaging the property in opposition of arrest.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English
However, Gandhiji urge for Non Co-operation and Non-violence. He asked citizen for “karoyamaro” for their freedom and rights. Gandhiji was released after 2 years due to bad health. The political scene has been changed outside and Muslim league leaded by Mohammad Ali Jinnah demanded for separate legal entity for Muslim which was opposed by Gandhiji and discussion continued through 1947.
However, Jinnah was adamant and after the end of World War II, British government declared his wish of independence and released political prisoners. After vigorous discussion, Independence was achieved after the partition and creation of new country, Pakistan. Gandhiji request citizens to create peace in the chaos of participation and riots.
Gandhiji was deeply influenced by religion and her mother’s belief. He followed the principle of Non-violence highly. As per him, anything can be done with the method of non-violence. Even if someone is using violent method, Non-violence is the only way to suppress him.
NathuramGodse along with his fellow beings accused Gandhiji for riots and corpses at the time of participation and hence, shot him dead on 30th of January 1948. He was cremated as per Hindu Traditions and ashes were poured into several rivers and tributaries. His last words were “Hey Raam” and same is encrypted on his memorial at Raj Ghat, Delhi.
Gandhiji was a person who lived his life for others, but on his principles. He was thus considered as Father of Nation.