Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Essay in English 1000 Words For Students
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Essay in English 1000 Words For Students: The first deputy Pre Minister of Independent India, SardarVallabhbhai Patel, was not only an eminent freedom fighter, but an Indian barrister. Sardar Patel, one of the six children of Ladba and Javeribhai Patel, was born on 31st October 1875 in the present age of Gujrat.
After completing his primary education, he travelled to England to become a barrister. He established his family with wife and 2 children in Godhra and became a fierce and reputed barrister of the town.
Despite of low Financial condition of his family, he worked hard on building his career, became one of the most successful barrister and accumulated wealth for his children’s bright future.
He lost his wife, Jhakoba, because of cancer and raised his children with the help of his family. He went to England for a 36 months course at the Middle Temple Inn, London, which he completed on 30 months. Later on, he settled in Ahmedabad fir his extensive practice in advocacy and became city’s most successful barrister.
Fight for Swaraj in Indian National Movement
Vallabhbhai Patel won the post of sanitation commissioner, Ahmedabad, in 1917 upon request of his friends, but never was interested in politics. In fact, he didn’t ever approve the thoughts of Gandhiji, until he met him in October 1917.
After meeting, not only he was inspired by him, but also became one of his followers, throughout his life. Patel joined politics and started on a mission of Swaraj with Gandhiji.
He became the secretary of the Gujrat Sabha, a wing on Indian National Congress. He fought against Veth and organised relief works for the plague and famine in Kheda. He began with the tour of villages, discussed about grievances of people and asked them to unite on national level for the Swaraj or self government.
The British government had to suspend the taxation for a year because of widespread revolt under the leadership of Patel.
He supported Gandhiji in Non Cooperation Movement by raising funds, helping in organisation of meetings, revolt, public burning of western items and started wearing khadi clothes, worked for the social aspects like caste discrimination, alcoholism, untouchability and empowerment of women. He worked for better facilities inelectricity, sanitation, drainage system and education as Municipal President, Ahmedabad.
Indian National Congress passed “Fundamental Rights and Economic Policy” resolution in 1931 under the chairmanship of Patel. He was arrested during the time of DandiMarch, and rearrested during a procession in Bombay.
He was rearrested in 1932 with Gandhiji and was released in 1934. He became chairman of Central Parliamentary Board, Congress, and it’s main fundraiser too. He again was imprisoned in 1940, again in 1942 and was finally released in 1945, when he realised that British were ready and preparing for the transfer of powers to India.
Role after Independence
Patel became first Home minster of Independent India and played major role in the integration of princely states into the federation of India. He invited the Monarchs for Social meetings and unofficial gatherings in order to make them understand that there is no conflict between congress and princely states.
He invoked patriotism in Monarchs of India and persuaded them to join India for the future of their people. In order to stop the public violation emerged in the country, he made Gandhiji, Nehru and Congress agree upon the partition and had organized several relief works and emergency supplies for the intense violence and public transfer during partition. He even addressed community leaders for the unity and peace, which was a success then.
He not only was the HomeMinister, but a senior leader in Constituent Assembly of India. He became chairman of the committees responsible for minorities, excludes areas, tribal, provision of constitution and fundamental rights.
He was instrumental in founding Indian Administrative Services and Indian Police Services. He was well aware of the need of sound and stable Administrative system for the functioning of India.
He was considered as Father of modern All India Services. He was awarded with Doctorate of Law by University of Allahabad, Banaras Hindu University, Osmania University and Punjab University. He was featured in the Time magazine on the cover page.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel died on 15th December 1950 at Birla House, Bombay because of massive heart attack backed up extensive and longing health issues, including blood coughing, fatigue and losing consciousness. He was cremated to Sonpur, in the same place as his brother and wife, as per his own wish.
10 Lines Essay on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
1. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on 31 October 1875 at a place called Karamsad in Gujarat.
2. His father’s name was Mr. Jhaverbhai Patel and mother Mrs. Ladwa, who was originally associated with agriculture.
3. Sardar Patel went to England to study law after passing the matriculation examination and returned to India after passing the examination after 2 years and chose the profession of advocacy.
4. Initially Sardar Patel was known for his high-level personal dress, but after coming in contact with Gandhiji in the year 1917, influenced by Gandhiji, he abandoned foreign clothes and adopted indigenous clothes and items.
5. Led the farmers and tenant farmers of Kheda district of Gujarat in 1918 and also led the Bardoli movement, as a result of which the government had to waive the annual rent.
6. Due to political firmness and efficient leadership, the people of Bardoli area addressed him as Sardar, now Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel became famous.
7. After the independence of India, Sardar Patel was appointed as the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of independent India in view of his ability, courage and contribution.
8. Although the country got independence but uniting the country was the most difficult task, Sardar Patel merged 562 small and big princely states of India into the Indian Union.
9. Mahatma Gandhi gave him the title of Iron Man.
10. Sardar Patel died in 1950. Patel devoted his whole life to the cause of patriotism. In the year 1991, Patel was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest honor.